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In 1914, the TA Battalion of the South Wales Borderers, known as Brecknockshire Regiment, arrived in Aden which was most unusual as this unit had never been abroad, mainly undertook coastal duties in Pembrokeshire, and contained a large proportion of raw recruits who had not even done much route marching. Between their arrival and the end of June 1915, four members of the unit died of 'heatstroke', others were sent home. On 3rd July this unit marched with Indian Regiments and Artillery 6 miles after the heat of the day to Sheikh Othman, and another two succumbed to the heat. Even though the next day they started at 3 o'clock in the morning, by the time they arrived at Lahej (a distance 3 times as long), they were not really fit to do anything, but they managed prevent the Turks from taking over the area later that evening, as the Turks decided to withdraw. The whole group had run out of water, ammunition and information was received that further supplies had been prevented from arriving by unscrupulous local camel drivers. So on the 5th of July they retreated back to Aden with the same temperatures of 100 degrees Fahrenheit plus. By the time they arrived in Aden, at least 30 all told had succumbed to the heat, most of which were members of the Brecknocks. Most of those that lost their life, were not buried due to the heat, they were in the desert with no facilities to do so. 14 of the Brecknocks are listed on a War Memorial that was moved from Aden to Egypt (Heliopolis War Memorial) which contains over 600 names and 7 were buried in Ma'ala Cemetery with other members of the overall group that had been on that journey. Illness and conditions also plays a major part of the reasons service men and women lost their lives during 1914 - 1918.Apologies for the length of this, the article I wrote for my Regimental Journal was three pages long including full details of the casualties. Brian

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